References:

How Earth moves through the universe:

https://astrosociety.org/edu/publications/tnl/71/howfast.html
http://www.slate.com/blogs/bad_astronomy/2013/03/04/vortex_motion_viral_video_showing_sun_s_motion_through_galaxy_is_wrong.html
http://space.gizmodo.com/racing-while-standing-still-1558642922/1559622011
https://www.reddit.com/r/askscience/comments/1rhu7r/i_always_see_representations_of_the_solar_system

Minute physics on cab: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_mZQ-5-KYHw

PBS spacetime on the cosmic microwave background:

CMB rest frame:

http://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/25928/is-the-cmb-rest-frame-special-where-does-it-come-from
https://www.reddit.com/r/AskPhysics/comments/2va4t6/does_no_absolute_reference_frame_contradict_the/

Wikipedia:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Day
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_time
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sidereal_time
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregorian_calendar
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calendar_reform
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Day_length_fluctuations
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cosmic_microwave_background