Let's consider that it's the specialist who is under threat from ‘the robot renaissance' and with speciality comes precision and accuracy in measurement which machines are perfectly suited to execute.
Aside from “Renaissance man” as mentioned above, similar terms in use are homo universalis (Latin) and uomo universale (Italian), which translate to “universal man”. The related term “generalist”—contrasted with a “specialist”—is used to describe a person with a general approach to knowledge.
The term “universal genius” or “versatile genius” is also used, with Leonardo da Vinci as the prime example again. The term is used especially for people who made lasting contributions in at least one of the fields in which they were actively involved and when they took a universality of approach.
When a person is described as having encyclopedic knowledge, they exhibit a vast scope of knowledge. However, this designation may be anachronistic in the case of persons such as Eratosthenes whose reputation for having encyclopedic knowledge predates the existence of any encyclopedic object.